VoIP: What are its limits? The bandwidth increasing worldwide, and the optimization of the equipment layer 2 and 3, to ensure the QoS (Quality of Service) real-time voice makes the future of Voice over IP is very promising at the global level and that not only does not stop its expansion, but that will grow in number of users and providers. In the U.S., some providers of VoIP services such as Vonage managed to attract a significant market share. In Spain, thanks to flat rates for voice, conventional operators managed to avoid the massive landing operators of VoIP technology. However, the most significant expansion of this technology, is headed by some developers of systems such as Cisco and Avaya, which have integrated into their offerings, data networks and voice. Other manufacturers such as Alcatel-Lucent, Nortel Networks, Matra, Samsung and LG also develop enterprise solutions for VoIP telecommunications equipment in order not to be outside the trend that marked the market. The technology is not a service as such, but a technology that uses the Internet Protocol (IP) through which compressed and decompressed on a highly efficient data packets or datagrams, to allow the communication of two or more clients through a network like the Internet, thereby offering telephony and videoconferencing services, among others.
In its technological aspects, there are three necessary elements to take advantage: a substitute for existing phones. Can be implemented in both software and hardware. Gatekeepers: These are the core of any organization VoIP, substitutes for existing plants. Usually a software. All communications would go through it. : This is the link to the traditional telephone network, acting transparently to the user. With these three units, the structure of the VoIP network has no territorial limits, can be connected to two cells of the same company or two companies anywhere in the globe, and with all communications completely free. Thus, the only limit is that imposed on the companies do not make the leap to IP.