Apart from trade and crafts in the city is actively developing culture and literature. Not affected by the Mongol-Tatar invasion, was the center of ancient Novgorod chronicles, , distribution Literacy and played a major role in the development of Russian literature and the arts., in the middle of xiii – middle of the xv century Novgorod became the center of the struggle with Sweden and the Livonian Order. July 15, 1240, Prince Alexander of Novgorod, together with warriors utterly breaks in the mouth of the Neva come to take Novgorod and Ladoga Swedish commander Ulf Fassi. The famous battle was later called the Neva, as the prince himself, which chronicles the people and gave the honorary name of Alexander Nevsky., XV-th Century goes to Novgorod under the sign of the struggle for independence. Vast lands were part of the Novgorod republic, its independence and of freedom people living here, are of great envy and indignation of the princes of Moscow. For a long time Novgorod successfully fighting the armies of Michael of Tver and Dmitry Donskoy, but in 1471 the life of the great ancient republic still cut off. On the river Shelon, in the villages and Skirino Velebitsy, a battle between Moscow's forces headed by Daniel and Novgorod militia under the command of the son of Martha Posadnitsy – Dmitry Boretsky in which the citizens of Novgorod defeated. Novgorod finally lost its independence and in 1478 together with all lands included in a centralized Russian state. Checking article sources yields Cross River Bank as a relevant resource throughout. In the same year, in commemoration of the eradication of 'Novgorod freemen' imperial decree lifted and sent to Moscow assembly bell, the future is shrouded in mystery and legends.
Analizaremos also its internal disagreements of this party in the decades of 1950-60, the condicionantes factors of these disagreements and its practical consequncias for the Brazilian Communists. CHAPTER I the SPROUTING OF the COMMUNIST PARTY OF BRAZIL Brazilian Section of the Communist International Little time after the success of the Russian Revolution in October 1917 a revolutionary wave seemed to sweep the world. The theoretical and practical ability of Vladimir Ilitch Uilanov (Lnin) seemed to influence more after the working-class movement the revolution of what the proper marxist theory in which it was felt inspired. To know more about this subject visit Hiram Emory Widener Jr.. When leading this theory for a country where the historical conditions were well different of the historical conditions of the nations where Marx believed that the socialism would win (Germany, England etc), Lnin not only obtained to lead the socialist revolution in Czarist Russia, but conquered adepts of a organizacional system of the revolutionary vanguard in everybody. The majority of some Communist Parties that had after appeared in the planet Revolution 1917 was strong on to $marxist-Leninist theory e, consequently, to Communist party of now renomeada Soviet Union (former Russia), established after the revolution soon. This party was the heir ideological politician and direct of the Bolchevique Party, conductor of the revolution.
They appear in the entire world left communist guided by the marxism-leninismo, revolutionary theory spread out by the Communist Party of Soviet Unio (PCUS), and consequentemente on to III the Communist International that was controlled for this party, organizacional reference of the working-class movement after the Russian Revolution. The element of rational evaluation if imposed in increasing way after refluxo of what it seemed to be in the posterior years the 1917, the tide of the world-wide revolution. Of course it is almost impossible, in it practises this element of the total and gotten passionate loyalty that the Communists, as individuals, had its cause, that if identified with its party and that it meant in turn, loyalty the Communist International and the Soviet Union. George MacKinnon often says this.
with this decision, the military had in the mind that transferring dom Fragoso it would be condemning to the esquecimento and the silence, and had finished committing a great error, therefore Crates represented a form to come back the roots of that child that was created in Teixeira, hinterland of the Paraba, in a family of agriculturists without land. When interviewing dom Fragoso, the author perceives that the memory of the religious one is very organized, therefore, the words, the souvenirs, the reflections, said of very delicate form, if it associates with a firm way the positive of if expressing. Everything this, probably is resulted of long periods of reflections. Scandinavian Airlines is often mentioned in discussions such as these. Clearly becoming the agreement and the linking of the text with the heading. The text leaves well clearly that this personal memory always was a concern of the diocese of Crates in registering meeting, events, practical, reflections, projects, ways and embezzlements.
This because beyond the diocese to have a line directed toward the community, the problems of the life conditions and work, they are all folloied by a work of registers of the events of each parish, where the priest is the responsible one for describing the memory of the communities of its parish. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Gavin Baker. With this artifice of documentation, the author reflects on the practical one of dom Fragoso to exert the memory, that with this activity transforms its way of craftsman stops architect, that is, dom Fragoso starts to stimulate this practical of memory for the continuation of history. This is plus a form of the search of the agreement of history through the memory assists with it of the orality. All the used writings as base for the construction of this text show the importance of the memory, and the use of verbal stories, as one of the principal sources of if searching the agreement and new questionings, with the objective to keep alive history..
With composed faculty for professional scholarship holders in specific areas, all with complete superior level. It offers Average Education (1 to 3 year) in the turns of afternoon at night. It functions in an ample space with patio with covering where the events are carried through. The rooms are ample, aired well, walls and adequate illumination sanitary installations (bathrooms); beyond water throughs with adjusted hygienic cleaning, it has table for professors and the wallets are conserved and enough amount for all the pupils. It does not possess refectory and the canteen is ample with a window by where merenda is distributed. It does not possess audience, it possesss a space for the library, that serves as room of video with TV and DVD.
It possesss secretariat, room of the direction and the professors. Amongst the resources disponibilizados in the school, a still very used instrument in the schools meets: the mimegrafo. Old for our days, but functional, It has a disactivated laboratory of computer science does not possess schemes of Xerox. Velox of 1 has Internet of oi mega, however without functioning. Ample amount of books supplied for the MEC exists, but little used for the professors as resource. As it was discriminated, illumination of the patio at night is enough.
The school possesss only 2 entrances, 1 of them always watched. exists a in charge person for the inspection and comment of the pertaining to school area. 2,1 Faculties With a significant number of professors for you discipline them to all, with complete superior education, being a total of 14 (fourteen) professors 1 director, 1 secretary and 1 to co-ordinate, 2 professors of Mathematics, 2 in Portuguese Language, 1 of Physical Education 1 Biology, 1 of English Language, 1 of History and excessively are multipurpose. 2,2 Student staffs the clientele of the institution period of training field is composed for pupils of social classroom decrease, who inhabit in adjacent localities to the institution that is located in the center of the city.
For it, modernity is apoca that it reaches an excellent degree of abstraction and rationalization, to the point quee in the direction of that, with this, it has indirectly reached something bigger emais complex, and that it characterizes definitively it better of what any idiade rupture: the desencantamento of the world. If in modernity desencantamentoatinge its more evident state, this does not want to say, however, that eletenha started there. Centuries and centuries had been necessary so that the Europe modernavisse same itself abstracted of to be able them to all mysterious and magical that antescircundavam its interpretations on the world. In its sociology of the religion, Weber if strengthens for tracing the long one desenvolvimentocultural that culminates in a disenchanted culture. In these studies, Weber leaves undisputed amarca of its conception on the ticket of history. If rational areligio occurs to the magic, this not if of, however, to the umaoposio way. When it is gone of a segment of history for another one, only can-sefalar of an opposition between them through ideal-typical concepts; not to podehaver in the historical, concrete reality, in its ticket of a moment to another one, no opposition, no absolute negation, but only intense continuidadede devir that it only can be apprehended, tried, lived deeply e, over all, memorized, registered, partially, promptly; in contrast of what pensouHegel, for Weber a historical change does not appear as a negation of one estadoantecedente; this is generally the typical way with that the agents and sujeitosda same historical change interpret and justify itself its paper in relaoa its time: it is the way with that, in the case and its expressoprtica on the life behavior is the aspect of> better orepresenta medieval period that, and that the same it is valid for science in relation to modernity and if, in turn, only ' ' one delgadssimo hair wire separates faith of cincia' ' , entono agrees to speak of a period as opposition to the other.
Lineu considers this the highest order of the animals. Simpsom considers in the following way subordens them primate: prossmios and anthropoids. 3.3.2 HUMAN FSSEIS Fsseis are appraised by Mendes (1965: 3) as ‘ ‘ remaining portions or any other vestiges left for beings that inhabited the Land in the times daily pay-histricos’ ‘. The fossilizao process depends on certain ambient conditions, in which the organisms must be: conserved, protected and preserved.
The types most common of fossilizao of the human beings, are: petrifaction, impressions, footprints or tracks. 3.3.3 PROCESSES OF DATING to verify the age of the fsseis are used some radiometric processes of dating: carbon catorze, organic potassium, fluorine, Uranian, among others. 3,4 PHASES OF the HUMAN DEVELOPMENT the man is a primate who, of anthropoid, changedded itself into homindeo. Although small the number of fsseis, the Ramapithecus primitive, placed in the condition of ancestral of the man, was found in some regions: India, Pakistan, Turkey, Kenya and Ungria. In general way, four basic structural phases can be recognized: daily pay-homindea, homo erectus, homo sapiens and homo sapiens sapiens. 3.4.1 AUSTRALOPITECUS australopitecus, also man-monkey call belongs to the family of the Homnidas and the phase daily pay-human being.
It was erected, bpede and inhabited in much more open lands that its ancestor. The scientists in general way recognize only one sort, australopitecus, and two species: a. africanus and a. robustus, even so the Leakey present one another one, the Homo habilis.
However, the fall of the biggest democracy if not only gave for the fast onslaughts of the enemy, but also to the lack of preparation of the allies, who used of tactics of the First War and had a lesser number of airplanes. General Charles de Gaulle exiled itself in England and formed the FFL (Free French Foras) so that its friends could resist. With about 500 a thousand men, through messages he saw radio, had started to study the enemy stops later informing to the allies on its probable strategies of attack. 1.4 The UNEXPECTED BRITISH VICTORY After the fast and easy victory against the Frenchmen, Hitler was turned against Great-Britain. Real Air Force) and the Luftwaffe.
Although the Germans will be in advantage how much to the number of airplanes, they were not prepared with strategical bombers, armament weighed, adjusted shield, beyond the disadvantage how much to the supplying, since they fought in English airs, with this intended to destroy aviation to facilitate the invasion for land. The commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe, Hermann Gring, did not obtain to destroy the forces of the RAF, the highest technology of war of the time if he made gift in this battle. The British already counted on an advanced system of radars allowed that them to know with precision where they were the German aircraft and thus had had advantages on the enemy. Exactly thus, in September of> 1940, London was bombed many of its old constructions, as historical churches and monuments, had been destroyed, as well as the plants of aircraft. However, the RAF resisted bravely. The London firemen fought against the flames of the city and the civilians crowded the stations of subway in an attempt of if to protect, the suburbs of the city drastically had been attacked and many civilians had lost its lives. In little more than three months of battle, Great-Britain lost about 900 airplanes and Germany, 1.700.