Creation in 1956 by Soviet scientists laser was the last major discovery. Then came the period of "technological era" in which the notion of "Science and Technology" was changed to "technology". Began the process of technology development, for example, the computer, through which the computer was significantly reduced in size. Increased its memory, speed, there was the possibility of mutual human-computer communication, etc. The science has become dominated by the principle of subsidiarity, as a result of discoveries in physics during the transitional period of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It was found that in the process research facility it amends the researcher and used appliances. The principle changes to the data of the object was first described by Niels Bohr, that was the turning point the whole structure of science. Subjective activities of the researcher in the context of science has radically changed understanding of subject matter knowledge.

The concept of reality "in its pure form" was viewed through prisms of a given slice of empirical and theoretical methods and means of cognition. Interaction between the researcher and the instruments used to test object leads to different manifestations of the object's properties depend on the type of interaction. What does the equality and legitimacy various definitions and theories for the study of the same object or subject area. Application of current research in applied fields (economy, education, technology, etc.) to develop situational models of optimal organization of financial, industrial structures, educational institutions, enterprises, etc. yield results, whose relevance is ephemeral because of ongoing changes in the conditions.