In all countries, the history of art – is the story of an important part of national culture to a greater extent, this is evident in Italy, especially since the xiv century. That is, with the first steps of culture of humanism. It was during this period, secular culture his face turned to classical antiquity, to the story, took the place of a culture of religious, theological, dogmatic, cosmopolitan, and the patroness of a carrier which performed the Catholic Church. It should be remembered that the development of Italian art with its own structure began with the emergence and adoption of economic and, to a certain extent, the political independence of Communes – this original nucleus, leading to the formation of democratic governance in cities. Painters were at that time the highest stratum of crafts people in productive activities which – in quantitative and qualitatively – based political and economic life. It is the master of art, as representatives of the labor class, engaged in construction of cities, giving them a monumental character. Handiwork Artists were the churches, public buildings, homes of rich families.
The fruits of their art became the property of urban communities and a means of relationship between the various communes and provinces. If you think about the fact that visual communication in the past, no less important than verbal, it is easy to understand that in the xiv century. Giotto and Simone Martini played an equally important role in the creation of the Italian humanistic culture, as Dante and Petrarch. In other words, through the artists, sculptors and architects working class contributed to the political administration, in something close to the power itself. By some absurd prejudices wearing a likely class character, and to this day is not until the end recognizes the role played by artists in the cultural and political and religious life of the XV-XVI centuries. that is, in the heyday of Signora in Italy. Masters of Arts were technical advisers to the princes, their creativity is not only reflected the particular political and religious situation, but also contributes to its historical formation.
That’s why in Italy there is no tradition, and Art Culture, a critical processing the past and open to the future: every region, every city, every artist sought to identity, innovation, differing from each other. In the xvii century. Two master Bernini and Borromini-defined urban image of Rome as the hallowed tradition of the capital and, as such, an ideal model for other European capitals. Artists in the century greatly contributed to the formation of modern European culture, based on cultural and not in the least political engagement of the great European nations. In the xviii century. Neo-Classicism, was born in Italy, played a crucial role in the formation of a secular culture, free from the influence of the church, a politically oriented towards the objectives of progress and the international community. During this period, Peter the Great decided to make of “Holy Russia,” a modern European state. He secured the services of architects to create a masterpiece of urban planning, which became St. Petersburg, now St. Petersburg. However, in the xix century. Italy lost to France, the role of the world’s artistic powers, she has played for five centuries, but. now art culture had been an international dynamic structure. And in this complex dynamics of some importance had in the first decades of this century the relationship between Italian and Russian Futurism.